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Python Client Rest API Invocation - POST with empty body - Invalid character found in method name [{}POST]. HTTP method names must be tokens

On 2020-11-19 15:12:39 +0000, Shelke, Bhushan wrote:
> I have a Tomcat+Java based server exposing REST APIs. I am writing a
> client in python to consume those APIs. Everything is fine until I
> send empty body in POST request. It is a valid use case for us. If I
> send empty body I get 400 bad request error - Invalid character found
> in method name [{}POST]. HTTP method names must be tokens.
> If I send empty request from POSTMAN or Java or CURL it works fine,
> problem is only when I used python as a client.
> Following is python snippet -
> json_object={}
> header = {'alias': 'A', 'Content-Type' : 'application/json', 'Content-Length' : '0'}

'Content-Length' : '0' is wrong, but it seems that
overrides that, so it doesn't matter.

> resp =, auth=(username, password), headers=header, json=json_object)
> I tried using data as well instead of json param to send payload with
> not much of success.
> I captured the wireshark dumps to understand it further and found that
> the request tomcat received is not as per RFC2616
> ( Especially
> the part -
> Request-Line = Method SP Request-URI SP HTTP-Version CRLF
> I could see in from wireshark dumps it looked like - {}POST
> As we can see the empty body is getting prefixed with http-method,
> hence tomcat reports that as an error. I then looked at python http
> library code -

I cannot reproduce this. Using Python 3.8.2 and requests 2.22.0 (as
included in Ubuntu 20.04), the request sent is "POST /env HTTP/1.1", not
"{}POST /env HTTP/1.1",

In wireshark "Follow TCP connection", the "{}" at the end of the request
is squished together with the "HTTP/1.1 302 Found" at the beginning of
the response, but they are in different colors so that shouldn't be a
problem unless you are visually impaired, and it doesn't match your


   _  | Peter J. Holzer    | Story must make more sense than reality.
|_|_) |                    |
| |   | hjp at         |    -- Charles Stross, "Creative writing
__/   | |       challenge!"
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